Senaka Senanayake (1951)

“...you enter into the virtual world of rainforests, far away from the hustle bustle of modern cities. The canvases come alive when light peeking through the thick canopy of trees seems to play hide and seek, and trumpeting elephants, chirpy macaws, hovering hummingbirds and fluttering butterflies greet you through the vibrant flora and fauna of the forests. One cannot help but get transported to the world of tranquillity and hear the myriad sounds of nature, while witnessing nature in all its glorious colours. For Senanayake’s works are a true representation of nature in its vibrancy and colours, even though the flora and fauna may have been juxtaposed from different parts of the forests, to create balance and harmony on the canvas.” – NidhiChawla

Painter and sculptor SenakaSenanayake grew as an artist beginning as a child prodigy discovered for his talent at Royal College, Colombo. In 1959, as a seven-year-old he was the youngest person ever to hold a solo exhibition in Sri Lanka, supported by many prolific artists of the time including L.P. Goonetilleke, Mudaliyar A.C.G.S. Amarasekera, David Paynter, George Keyt and Stanley Abeysinghe. This first exhibition was described as “a joy and a revelation” which “may shake preconceptions about child art”, by art critic and journalist Reggie Siriwardena. These initial paintings were mainly artistic compositions influenced by nature and religion, with several depicting animals in their natural element or participating in human activities such as farming (“Farmers”) and travel (“Bullock Carts” and “Desert Scene”). Senanayake was recognized to have a strong sense of imagination from this first exhibition. During his adolescent years he experimented with sculpture as well, handling clay and plaster to create figurines of people. As a child he went on to do more than 25 exhibitions in the years to come, where his work travelled with him to galleries in the USA, UK, Germany, Australia, Russia, India and France. He remained self-taught until he was sixteen, when he enrolled in formal classes to study Art as a subject for his GCE Ordinary Level examinations. 

 

Later in life, Senanayake went on to study Fine Arts at the prestigious Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut, with a full scholarship due to the large amount of exposure and experience he had gathered during his early years. During his years at Yale he embarked on a different style of art, incorporating modern styles such as Cubism and abstract painting. However, the signature of SenakaSenanayake was still present in these creations, being well-knit artistic compositions full of bold colours, well-drawn lines and a unique rhythm. The student unrest, protest marches, racism and his own experiences of being an outsider in the USA contributed greatly towards his artistic vision, saying with reference to his painting “Rising of the Dead”: “I have tried to depict the futility of life. We don’t know why we are here. I have used the colours to give the effect of transparency and continuous movement in the figures. The touches of red signify bloodshed and violence. My paintings have more meaning and depth and every colour is used with a particular significance.” The child prodigy had experienced a difference while studying abroad, and an existentialist element began to appear in his paintings, reflecting these intense changes.  

After returning to Sri Lanka upon graduating from Yale in 1972, Senanayake continues to paint, working with motifs of traditional Buddhist art and the Sri Lankan flora and fauna. His paintings are classic manifestations of the fundamental belief that art should spring from the need to express feelings and emotions. His work “Untitled (Tea Pickers)” from 1977, which was recently auctioned at the reputed art gallery and auction house Sotheby’s London, displays his preference for brilliantly coloured scenes of rich, overlapping jungle fauna and vegetation. The Sri Lankan landscape combined with the traditions of Buddhist is evident in this painting that depicts figures of female tea pluckers surrounded by the lush green hues of a tea plantation. In 1983, he won an award as one of the ten outstanding young people of the world by the Jaycee International for his contribution to the art industry in Sri Lanka and the world. 

 

In the last decade or so, Senanayake has been working on the theme of the preservation of rainforests, having been exposed to the plight of Sri Lankan rainforests as sites of which 70% has been destroyed due to cash crops and food cultivation. Of his decision to choose this theme to dominate the next stage of his artistic career, he said, “I decided to use my skills as a painter to enlighten the public about our crisis. By highlighting the beauty of rainforests, I was able to bring about awareness. As we all have only one world to live in, I decided to create images from rainforests of the world and make my project international.” Since the early 2000s he has been working towards spreading awareness about the need to preserve rainforests with exhibitions held internationally in the USA, UK and India. In 2018, he held a solo exhibition of his paintings at the Grosvenor Gallery in London, UK focusing on endangered flora and fauna. The painting “Butterflies” is an aesthetically appealing piece, depicting four butterflies entangled in the scent of lotus flowers on water. The colours, as expected, are rich, and an ecology in which flora and fauna depend on each other for survival is captured with distinct shapes embedded in the flowers and the butterflies that overlap. Traces of impressionism and colourism can be seen in this painting, with its thin but visible brush strokes that highlight the natural lighting of the rainforests and the passage of time with ordinary subject matter. 

 

Senanayake is one of the few artists who draws for everyone in the community, and not just a chosen crowd that practice a more intellectual approach to art. Once he declared, “I consider myself a people’s artist. Many artworks are totally ignored by the average person. I would be disappointed if it happened to me.” His paintings are on permanent display at the Parliament of Sri Lanka, the President’s House, the Central Bank of Sri Lanka as well as several major hotels such as the Galle Face Hotel and the TajSamudra, while his sculptures have been placed at the Grindlays Bank and the Hatton National Bank Head Office in Colombo. He lives and works from his house in Colombo, which reflects the style of his vibrant paintings, with a tropical garden full of flowers in bloom on lush greenery. He hopes to continue spreading awareness about protecting rainforests with “positive paintings” to which everyone can relate. 

Name of Exhibition Year Place

Other Publicaitons the Artist has been mentioned in

Name of Book Year of Publication Author Printer

Ref :SENS 1

Title :Peacocks

Signed :Lower Right

Year :1967

Measurements in Cms :117.5 x 78.5

Material Used :Oil on Canvas

Dimensions in Cms. :117.5 x 78.5

Ref :SENS 3

Title :Life in the Village

Signed :Lower Left

Year :1968

Measurements in Cms :75 x 54.5

Material Used :Oil on Canvas

Dimensions in Cms. :75 x 54.5

Ref :SENS 4

Title :The Fishermen

Signed :Lower Right

Year :1969

Measurements in Cms :56 x 73.5

Material Used :Oil on Canvas

Dimensions in Cms. :56 x 73.5

Year Institute Qualification